What is Sprinkler Irrigation?

Sprinkler irrigation can either represent a lateral move system or a center pivot system. Water distribution efficiencies are typically greater than flood irrigation, and water is sprinkled on the crop from above. 

The biggest disadvantage of sprinkler irrigation is that the entire plant gets wet. This creates a favorable environment for deleterious insects and disease.  Sprinkler irrigation also loses a significant amount of water to evaporation during the growing season.  Wind also effects a uniform application.  

Again, as with flood irrigation, it takes a long time to move through all the sets or travel the full circle right after harvest when it is most critical to push growth. This makes for an extremely uneven harvest for each cut.

Michael Burney