Alfalfa Quick Facts
- Alfalfa is California’s third largest crop. It’s also the largest water guzzler.
- Alfalfa is an essential feed crop for the dairy and meat industries.
- Farming alfalfa with traditional flood irrigation techniques has been the default watering method for over a century.
- Sub-surface drip irrigation, recognized for water savings, has been adopted for other crops, but not widely used for alfalfa.
- The change to subsurface drip irrigation requires rethinking traditional farming practices and protocols.
- As a perennial crop, alfalfa has a deep root structure that can grow up to 10-15 feet in depth.
- On average, alfalfa is cut and harvested every 25-30 days.